Common sense is a sound judgment not based on specialized knowledge, says The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language.
It explains the phrase “common sense” is a translation of Latin sēnsus commūnis, supposed to mean common feelings of humanity.
THE PLAQUE TO COMMEMORATE THOMAS PAINE, ON THE WHITE HART HOTEL IN LEWES, EAST SUSSEX, ENGLAND
Thomas Paine wrote an all-time bestseller, in American history. He titled it Common Sense. This is how he began.
COMMON SENSE; CLICK TO READ ONLINE.
In the following sheets, the author hath studiously avoided every thing which is personal among ourselves. Compliments as well as censure to individuals make no part thereof.
Could there be “common feelings of humanity” that are impersonal?
Even if there could, Thomas Paine yet did seek consensus with other Americans. He did not misuse the phrase “common sense”, and wrote the work absolutely common-sense.
IN the following pages I offer nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense;
…to examine that connexion and dependance, on the principles of nature and common sense;
…common sense will tell us, that the power which hath endeavoured to subdue us, is of all others, the most improper to defend us.
Thomas Paine was not seeking consensus with the British.
As a long and violent abuse of power, is generally the means of calling the right of it in question (…) and as the King of England hath undertaken in his own Right, to support the Parliament in what he calls Theirs…
If Thomas Paine’s common sense had been about “common feelings of humanity”, there would have had to be more than one humanity.
The reality is British people remain part of the human species, and feelings as on American and British sides those times could be illustrated with this HDR photo shop sample, up-to-date.
Was there faith in “common feelings of humanity” in ancient Rome, where Latin comes from?
Ancient Roman military may have been extolled in film industry productions, yet only an imagination naive to the extremest would envision meeting the type of human for a pleasurable experience.
Roman control over territories was taken through war. The policing of conquered lands was done by the military, and if short of own manpower, the ancient speakers of Latin turned to local control hierarchies.
There was no faith in “common feelings of humanity” in ancient Rome.
WIKIPEDIA: ROMAN EMPIRE GOVERNMENT AND MILITARY
The dictionary by Facciolati, Forcellini, and Bailey gathers on the Latin sensus. Click to enlarge.
Sensuum alii sunt externi, alii interni; illi sunt quinque: visus, auditus, olfactus, gustus, tactus; hi duo: sensus communis, et phantasia sive imaginatio, ad quam pertinet memoria.
In other words, ancients perceived external and inner senses.
The external senses were five and regarded impressions to come with objects and phenomena external to the body. The five senses were vision, hearing, smell, taste, and touch.
The inner senses were two. The common sense was the inner sense to emerge with other senses coming together. The other inner sense was “the imagine-making or representative power”. Ancients said their memories were able to connect to both.
Ancient definitions do not say our perceptions need to be plain or simple, to be common sense. Modern definitions keep the common sense apart from education.
Common sense is a basic ability to perceive, understand, and judge things, which is shared by (“common to”) nearly all people and can reasonably be expected of nearly all people without any need for debate, says WIKIPEDIA with a bit of dictator flair.
If we exclude science, we rid of skill and trade from associations with sanity, too.
The phrase pragmatic resolve is going to remain my paraphrase for common sense. That way, I do not have to look for a baker who never specialized, to get sanely produced bread. 😉